What Does Periodontal Treatment Involve?
Periodontal health should be considered as much a part of your oral cavity health care as any other part of your mouth. If anything, the periodontium is a large organ in the mouth, that could suffer a lot of damage if not well taken care of. Unfortunately, many people in the world suffer from periodontal disease in different stages of their lives.
The periodontal treatment has proven very useful in dentistry, to help patients sort out all of their periodontal health illnesses. The treatments vary from one patient to another, based on cause and underlying symptoms.
What Is Periodontal Treatment?
It is a dental service offered by periodontists to treat the infections in the periodontium of the oral cavity. For the most part, the treatment focuses on treating the gum tissue and restoring its health.
Periodontal treatment is offered in the treatment of gum disease, a common oral problem among people. Depending on what the underlying cause of your infection is, you merit a different type of treatment from another patient in periodontics.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
To date, dental experts are yet to determine the exact cause of periodontal disease. All there is are a couple of risk factors that increase the likelihood of patients getting periodontal disease. The risk factors include:
- Poor oral hygiene – When you do not brush your teeth as frequently as you should, you leave room for harmful bacteria to breed in your mouth. The food residues combine with saliva and bacteria, releasing harmful acids that not only corrode your teeth but also infect the gum tissue.
- Smoking – smoking and all other tobacco usages pose a great risk to your oral cavity, not just your lungs.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol – alcohol can be too abrasive to the mouth, causing an infection thereof.
- Underlying health issues – some health issues like diabetes, heart problems, hypertension, cancer, to mention a few, compromise the health of your gum tissue
- Genetics – if other people in your family have suffered gum disease, then you have a high likelihood of getting it too, at one point in your life.
What Does Treatment Entail?
When you approach your dentist with periodontal disease, the first step involved in a diagnostic exam. A series of tests will be conducted to ascertain that you have periodontal disease. The tests are also necessary to identify the type of gum disease you have, whether Gingivitis or Periodontitis. Whichever the case, finding the right diagnosis will help determine the treatments you receive.
The treatment solutions available range from lifestyle changes, to over-the-counter medication and surgical procedures. It depends on how severe your gum infection is. Some treatments to consider include:
- Over-the-counter antibiotics – they are great for treating the initial stages of gum infection.
- Mouthwash for gum disease – usually, your periodontist will recommend the best type of mouthwash that is often used by patients with gum disease.
- Scaling and root planing – they are performed to remove any plaque and tartar from your teeth that affect your gum line.
- Professional teeth cleaning – they are cleaning sessions performed to thoroughly clean your mouth. These sessions are important for patients whose gum disease is a result of poor oral hygiene. In most cases, professionals deep cleans are done after a session of scaling and root planing.
- Lifestyle adjustments – if you want a permanent solution for your oral cavity, then you will need to make several adjustments in your lifestyle. Crucial ones include quitting smoking and alcohol consumption.
- Tooth extraction – like it or not, the infection of the periodontium can lead to the removal of your teeth. Sometimes the extraction of your teeth is necessary to allow your gums and bones to heal once severe damage has been incurred.
- Gum grafting – is a surgical procedure that entails the repair of your gum tissue. Gum grafts are used to promote regeneration of new gum tissue, to replace the damaged parts.
- Bone grafting – severe cases of gum disease lead to the deterioration of the bone tissue. The same concept applied in gum grafting procedures is employed for bone grafting treatment. The bone grafts will promote the growth of new healthy bone tissue.