The word periodontal relates to the structures surrounding teeth. It is most often caused by plaque and tartar build-up. Plaque is a biofilm produced and grown within the mouth, spread by bacteria, food residue, and saliva. Plaque left unremoved evolves into tartar. Untreated plaque and tartar may result in gum disease. Periodontal disease destroys the gums and the bone that support the teeth. It is identified by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
80% of people are unaware they have gum disease. It goes unknown because the disease has no painful symptoms in its beginning stages.
Periodontal disease is the number reason for tooth decay and, according to research, may link to other illnesses. Stroke, pneumonia, diabetes, and heart disease are a few examples. Also, smokers are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with periodontal disease.
You can reduce your risk of developing gum disease by maintaining good oral hygiene, a well-balanced diet, and regularly visiting your dentist.
Know the Signs of Periodontal Disease:
- Bleeding gums- healthy gums do not bleed, even with rough brushing and flossing
- Loose teeth – periodontal disease attacks the bones surrounding the teeth making them weak
- New gaps between teeth – this is often caused by bone deterioration
- Constant bad breath – this is caused by oral bacteria
- Pus in the teeth and gums – could be the symptom of an infection
- Receding gums – decreasing gums around the tooth
- Red and puffy gums – healthy gums are never red nor swollen
- Tenderness or Discomfort – Bacteria, plaque, and tartar are irritants to the gums and teeth.